Documentary raises major symbolic and practical issues about the marginalized regions that don’t belong to the official city map
Despite attempts to collaborative mapping or the efforts of some non-governmental institutions, there are still city areas represented as “cartographic empty spaces”. “There is a population that is invisible because not even in a document that should recognize the entire city, the slum dwellers are part of it. The importance for us is … first have this political side, right? ” explains Eliana Sousa, president of Redes de Desenvolvimento da Maré NGO. The favelas of Rio de Janeiro are not represented in official maps of the Pereira Passos Institute, nor in the Google Maps. They were just named and flagged as “slums”, but its streets and lanes were not marked. But recently, by request of the City Hall of Rio de Janeiro, possibly due to the proximity of the World Cup and the Olympic Games, the word “slum” was replaced by “hill” on Google maps, suggesting that these regions are not inhabited. We’re talking about favelas like Rocinha, Santa Marta, Maré, among others, which are now even registered as neighborhoods. In his interview, Michel Silva, Rocinha community journalist, explains: “Rocinha is considered neighborhood since 1993, but when you search at Google, has no registered streets. Only main streets which allows entering in the community . There isn’t streets of Laboriaux street, nor the Cachopa street, that are traditional streets, everybody knows. Rocinha is internationally known and has nothing on Google? “.
“Maps are usually perceived by the majority, by the layman as being endowed with an objectivity to the maximum level. The map has a subjectivity that is inherent and can not be ignored”, concludes one of the interviewees, Victor Benedetti, Director of Design, Explore & Connect, Nokia HERE. Not being on the map goes far beyond symbolic issues like self-esteem of residents, but also this is nonetheless a fundamental factor, according to Paulinho Otaviano, resident and local guide in Santa Marta. “The fact that you were not on the map, for me, creates an exclusionary sense, you see? That we don’t belon in rhe city, that we not part of the traditional script.”. Besides reinforcing the prejudice regarding what actually exists in that region. Dumont, actor and producer of Enraizados, explains part of the movement that creates this wall between slum and asphalt: “There is a stigma about the Baixada Fluminense, about the favelas, in relation to population, which is closely related to something that someone guesses. Those who only use television as a ways of access to knowledge, which is the majority, unfortunately, also reproduves the stigma of favela, the stigma of Baixada Fluminense. ”
The film presents three initiatives that deal with this self-representation of the Territories: TV DOC in Capão Redondo, ESPOCC in Maré and Viva Rocinha. These initiatives try to articulate independent media within the monopoly of information shown by Dumont. Luis Henrique Nascimento presenting ESPOCC explains: “The first question is whether the favela can create it’s own self-representation, the very narrative about itself. And if this narrative may face the dominant narrative that points the favela as a precarious place, of wretched people, needy, violent, dirty. ”
Dalcio Marinho, Geographer of the Observatório de Favelas NGO, enumerates an important issue when exposes the difference between neighborhood of Bonsucesso and the Maré complex: “The investments dedicated to Great Bonsucesso will not always be allocated, made available to Maré, it’s important to state: Maré is a neighborhood. It’s no the same thing to destinate x resources from planning budget of the city to Bonsucesso greater area and expect that Maré will ambraced with it”. Thus, local development gets clogged for social, political and economic investment. “The geo today has a great advantage, it is accessed by everyone, maps turn what are very complex into easy to understand information. All information has a geographic component”, says Peter Figoli GeoFusion CEO. Despite paying the electric bill, for example, many residents don’t receive their bills at home, need to get the neighborhood associations. In orher words, Light (eletric company) and several companies enter the slums, but fail to offer their services as in the rest of the city. Imagine how it is to locate a resident who does not have the name of his street established and regulated. How it is possible to provide some repair?
The documentary also shows some stories of residents who struggle for the community as José Carlos, who works in CEACC in Cidade de Deus (City of God): “I live in Cidade de Deus since 1966, came transferred from Marques de Sao Vicente, Parque Proletário da Gávea. Arriving at my house one day, my shack was on the floor and someone said: – Get in the truck because you will live somewhere else now. They put my stuff on the floor and said: here is your home. I did not know what to do, I went to the workplace of my mother and said: – Mom, our home is now in Cidade de Deus. ”
Among other residents, Tuca, Singer and Actress, also told a little: “My story has begun when we had a thunderstorm on 66, I came here, my sister went to Fazenda Modelo and I came to Cidade de Deus.”
As an attempt to cope with this reality, residents and stakeholders, organized projects in response to the failure of the State. The documentary presents institutions like Vida Real, founded by a former general manager of the traffic in Maré, Tião: “Often we do here in the institution the state’s role.” These initiatives are intended to carry out infrastructure projects, which in the long term can change the lives of residents and become a right. “We leverage our dispute about what the state will do in the civil society. This is our fulcrum. The fulcrum in civil society building a base for the state to incorporate that as public policy, even though, by incorporating the pressures that exist in society can make this project lose the utopic force, can make this project be deconstructed, make this project change. But it doesn’t matter, because this is an achievement. That is an achievement. Each incorporation of state rights is an achievement of society. ” says Edu Alves, director of the Observatório de Favelas and Social Scientist. As emphasizes Edu, incorporation of state is also delicate because of the electoral issue. Rodrigo Nascimento, poet and researcher of Observatório de Favelas, says: “Always, in every change of government, the governor does not want to have that project linked to the previous ruler. So there is this political issue here in the country. This discontinuity is a problem. And the question of evaluation and monitoring, is a practice that we do not find in almost any public policy. You will find this in different levels, but it is a serious problem, no one wants to evaluate, nobody wants to monitor their own actions. All this closely linked to the electoral issue, because you’ll have a review and will appear good things and bad things. On a serious review, you will see positive and negative points, but nobody wants … ugly son has no father*. “.
The technology can be and is treated as a support to develop these areas. Natalia Ainsengart Santos, Geographer and Executive Director of the Rede Jovem Program, remember that technology is critical, especially on the main point of the movie, the maps: “The idea is that the map is dynamic, right? We don’t want to continue reproducing the culture of paper map because in 6 months it changes and if we do not follow it in the collaborative system, it has no meaning. ”
Another important note is the focus on local development, from the residents themselves. Paulinho Octavian, Santa Marta guide, tells how the process of tourism is made within the community: “We encourage the tourist to have lunch in the community, know the restaurant, participate on kite workshop, we take the kids to teach tourists how to build kite. Stimulating, in a way that entire community is participating in this process, an opening process. And we are opening the doors not only to foreign tourists, as also for the Brazilian. Many Cariocas live near the community and never had the opportunity to visit a slum, so we try to make this interaction, this integration. ” Françoise Trapenard, president of Telefonica Foundation / Vivo, reaffirms the importance of valuing what is internal: “I believe a lot in commerce within the community itself. And often people who are there do not know the existent resources, is not only a bridge between the periphery and the city, between the community and the city. But it’s a bridge between themselves. And I really believe that generating mechanisms to strengthen local commerce is generating mechanisms of inclusion, development and sustainability of the space itself. ”
Wikimapa Project started its path in 2009, mapping some communities in Rio de Janeiro. In 2013, the project has expanded, reaching Baixada Fluminense and São Paulo. Experience and all these issues the project faced, motivated Rede jovem Program, creator of Wikimapa, to produce the documentary “Every map has a discourse.” The potential of these territories, which today the organization knows more, needed to go forward. Partners, representative institutions that deal with the same issues, residents and youth were interviewed. Natalia Ainsengart Santos, Geographer and Executive Director of the Rede Jovem Program, explains one of the hallmarks of the project. “The name of the Wikimapa project carries the question wiki because this is in the vein of the project. The idea is to be collaborative, is to ensure that everyone produces content, enter content and it does not pass through a moderation. ” Besides what’s more important, the realization of the project happen primarily through community mobilization, with the effective participation of the residents themselves. “We could get here in a little shop nearby: Hi, lady how are you? I am with the Wikimapa, tell me a little bit, I want to put your shop on the map. But that for us does not make much sense, we want, in fact, that you, the people who live here, tell what you have, what is cool, what is not cool, “concludes Patricia Azevedo, Anthropologist and Strategic Director of Rede Jovem program.
According to Thereza Lobo, Sociologist, Director of Rio Como Vamos and witness of the first steps of the project, “The Wikimapa, began as an experiment, it was not known very well how far that could go”. For 2014 the project aims to achieve new breakthroughs: the launch of it’s new website and Android app version. Currently, the documentary is being finalized and is preparing to premiere in April 2014.
An embodiment of the Rede Jovem
Screenplay , Direction and Montage: Francine Albernaz and Thais Inácio, Assistance Montage: Christiane Marques, Production: Christiane Marques and Thais Inácio, Camera: Charlotte Produções/Leandro Corrêa , Edition: Luiz Guilherme Gonçalves, Still : Francine Albernaz, Transportation: MS Marques, Research: Wikirrepórteres and Thais Inácio.
Natalia Santos Ainsengart sings ” O morro não tem vez” Vinicius de Morais and accompanied by Buiu BeatBox
Acuri presents “Férias em Recife”
Moby has ” Swear ”
Silvana Cesario sings “O povo da colina” Bezerra da Silva
Dudu Morro Agudo and Leo XIII’s sing “Eu sou de Morro Agudo ”
Leo XIII composed the original track “The Funk “, produced by CabaréRecords
Tuca sings “Só não vou até o chão”
If you want to know more about the Project, visit Wikimapa.